Support Vector Machine (Pine Creek) Example 4

This example create a classification map with the help of Support Vector Machine. It use the classical Pine Creek hyperspectral cube. The regions of interest used for the example are those described in the article: Landgrebe, David, 1997, Multispectral Data Analysis: A Signal Theory Perspective, School of Electrical Engineering, Purdue University.

In [1]:
# Run on Python 2.7 and 3.x

from __future__ import print_function

%matplotlib inline

import os
import os.path as osp
import numpy as np
import pysptools.classification as cls
import pysptools.util as util

import warnings

def remove_bands(M):
    Remove the bands with atmospheric
    p1 = list(range(5,102))
    p2 = list(range(111,148))
    p3 = list(range(170,211))
    Mp = M[:,:,p1+p2+p3]
    return Mp

data_path = os.environ['PYSPTOOLS_DATA']

sample = '92AV3C.hdr'

data_file = osp.join(data_path, sample)
data, header = util.load_ENVI_file(data_file)

# and clean up bad bands
data_clean = remove_bands(data)

First, we define the rois.

An instance of the ROIs class keep all the rectangular and polygonal related rois. A cluster can be describe by one or more rois. The name of a cluster can be use as a label by the SVC class.

In [2]:
r = util.ROIs(data_clean.shape[0], data_clean.shape[1])
# A roi can be a polygon
r.add('Alfalfa', {'poly': ((67,98),(73,98),(75,101),(70,101))})
# or a rectangle
r.add('Corn-notill', {'rec': (33,31,41,56)})
# 'Corn-min' is the cluster name
r.add('Corn-min', {'rec': (63,6,71,21)}, {'rec': (128,20,134,46)})
# The poly can be close or not (next)
r.add('Corn', {'poly': ((35,7),(35,5),(48,10),(48,23),(45,22),(44,16),(35,10),(35,5))})
r.add('Grass/Pasture', {'rec': (75,4,85,21)})
r.add('Grass/Trees', {'rec': (48,28,70,35)})
r.add('Grass/pasture-mowed', {'rec': (73,109,78,112)})
r.add('Hay-windrowed', {'rec': (39,124,59,138)})
r.add('Soybeans-notill', {'rec': (42,78,63,92)})
# You can define more than one roi for the same cluster
r.add('Soybean-min-till', {'rec': (78,34,111,45)}, {'rec': (3,112,17,117)}, {'rec': (80,51,95,71)})
r.add('Soybean-clean', {'rec': (52,5,58,24)})
r.add('Wheat', {'rec': (119,26,124,46)})
r.add('Woods', {'rec': (121,91,137,121)})
# A closed poly
r.add('Stone-steel towers', {'poly': ((14,47),(23,44),(24,49),(16,52),(14,47))})

# You can display the rois with the method display.

Next, we run the Support Vector Classification.

By default the kernel used is rbf. You have to give the data cube, an ROIs instance containing the defined rois and the class_weight. For the class_weight, the definition is as following: '0:1' for the background, '1:10' for Alfalfa, '2:10' for Corn-notill, '3:10' for Corn-min and so on.

In [3]:
svm = cls.SVC()
# We fit and, r, class_weight={0:1,1:10,2:10,3:10,4:10,5:10,6:10,7:10,8:10,9:10,10:10,11:10,12:10,13:10,14:10})
# classify
cmap = svm.classify(data_clean)

And, finally, the method display show the classification map.

In [4]:
svm.display(labels=r.get_labels(), colorMap='Paired', suffix='Pine Creek')